Hip replacement is a surgical procedure to relieve hip pain. In this surgery, parts of the hip joint are replaced with artificial implants. The hip joint consists of a ball (at the top of the thigh bone, also known as the femur) and a socket (in the pelvis, also known as the pelvis). Hip replacement surgery involves replacing one or both of these parts. The goal of this procedure is to allow you to resume daily activities and exercise with less pain.
Dr. Hossein Haji Taghi uses innovative technologies and surgical techniques to evaluate and repair hip injuries to help a wide variety of patients, athletes and elderly patients struggling with hip arthritis and traumatic injuries. provide services
What is hip replacement surgery?
Hip replacement surgery, also known as hip arthroplasty, is a procedure used to reduce pain and improve hip function. In this surgery, the orthopedic surgeon removes the damaged parts of the hip joint and replaces them with new artificial parts, often made of iron, ceramic, or hard plastic. These artificial parts restore the function of the hip joint to a normal state.
Hip replacement surgery is primarily performed to relieve the pain and stiffness of the hip joint caused by hip arthritis, and the doctor prescribes this surgery when other treatment methods have not been effective
Reasons for hip replacement surgery
Conditions that can damage the hip joint and sometimes necessitate hip replacement surgery include:
Arthritis, or osteoarthritis, commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis, damages the soft cartilage that covers the ends of bones and prevents the joints from moving smoothly
Rheumatoid arthritis, or joint rheumatism, caused by an overactive immune system, causes inflammation that can erode the cartilage and sometimes the underlying bone, causing the joints to become damaged and deformed
If not enough blood is supplied to the ball of the hip joint, the femoral head may be deformed or destroyed. This condition is caused by dislocation or fracture
Other reasons for hip replacement surgery include the following:
- Injuries such as hip fracture
- Tumor in the hip joint
- Severe hip pain that is not relieved by medication and interferes with your work, sleep, or daily activities
Types of hip joint replacement surgery
There are three main types of hip joint replacement, which are:
Total hip replacement
The most common type of hip replacement surgery is total hip replacement. In this surgery, worn or damaged parts of the pelvis are replaced with artificial implants. The socket is replaced with a durable plastic piece or a metal piece that may be made of titanium. The head of the femur is also removed and replaced with a ball made of ceramic or metal alloy. The new ball is attached to a metal stem that sits on top of your thigh bone
Partial hip replacement
In this surgery, only one part of the hip joint, i.e. either the head of the bone or the ball, is removed and replaced with an artificial part. This method mostly includes elderly people who are injured due to hip fracture
Exfoliation of the hip joint
This method is mostly used in younger and active people, and usually by exfoliating the damaged part, they relieve the pain and improve the function of the pelvis
Complications of hip replacement surgery
Total hip replacement is a major surgery. This surgery is largely safe and sound, but every surgery has risks. Risks in hip replacement include:
- Blood clots in the leg or pelvis
- Accidental hip dislocation during or after recovery
- The difference in the length of the legs
The most serious of these complications is infection, if you see infection or swelling, be sure to inform your doctor
What happens during hip replacement surgery?
Hip replacement is performed in a hospital or surgery clinic and is often considered an outpatient procedure, even if you need to stay in the hospital for a night or two for observation or post-operative complications
After entering the operating room, you will receive general (full body) or lower back (epidural) anesthesia, depending on the recommendation of the anesthesiologist and orthopedic surgeon. Your surgeon will then make an incision in that area to access the hip joint. The location of the incision depends on what method the surgeon uses (front, back, or side)
After that, the surgeon removes the head of the femur and replaces the damaged parts with artificial parts and prostheses. He then bends and straightens your leg to make sure it is working properly. After the end of joint replacement surgery, the opened part is sutured and the patient is taken to recovery for several hours
How long is the recovery period after joint replacement surgery?
It usually takes 4 to 6 weeks for a person to achieve a partial recovery and perform light and simple activities such as walking. During this period, the person should do physical therapy regularly according to the doctor’s opinion and should not neglect exercises and light sports.
After 2-3 months, the person feels better and can do his normal daily activities. During this time, walking helps the patient recover as quickly as possible